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 ANGOLA
     

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National anthem

   
   


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 General information

Angola is slowly rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but UNITA renewed fighting after being beaten by the MPLA at the polls. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power..

  • 3-Letter abbreviation: ANG
  • 2-Letter abbreviation: AO
  • Country common name: Angola
  • Country official name: Republica de Angola
  • Continent: Africa
  • Capital: Luanda
  • Other major cities: Huambo, Lubango, Namibe, Lobito, Benguela, Malanje
  • Currency: Kwanza
  • Official languages: Portuguese
  • Motto: " Virtus Unita Fortior" (Latin ), "Unity Provides Strength"
 Geographic information
  • Surface area: 1,246,700  km²
  • Highest point: Morro de Moco 2,619 m
  • Neighbouring countries: Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Namibia
  • Neighbouring seas and oceans: Atlantic Ocean
 Population
  • Population (in millions): 10.77
  • Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant (in US dollars): 1,600
  • Density (inhabitants per km²): 8.64
  • Average age (in years): 18.2
  • Life expectancy at birth (in years): 36.96
 Telephone & Internet communication
  • Country international telephone code: + 244
  • Internet code: .ao
  • Number of Internet users: 172,000 (2005)