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Coat of arms

National anthem


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 General information

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Muslim Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey imposed an economic blockade on Armenia and closed the common border because of the Armenian occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.

  • 3-Letter abbreviation: ARM
  • 2-Letter abbreviation: AM
  • Country common name: Armenia
  • Country official name: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
  • Continent: Asia, or Eurasia
  • Capital: Yerevan
  • Other major cities: Koumaïri, Karaklis, Gyumri, Kirovakan, Razdan, Ejmiatsin, Abovyan
  • Currency: Dram
  • Official languages: Armenian
  • Motto: "One Nation, One Culture ."
 Geographic information
  • Surface area: 29,800  km²
  • Highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,095 m
  • Neighbouring countries: Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran, Georgia
  • Neighbouring seas and oceans: None
  • Population (in millions): 3.33
  • Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant (in US dollars): 3,800
  • Density (inhabitants per km²): 111.63
  • Average age (in years): 32.3
  • Life expectancy at birth (in years): 66.68
 Telephone & Internet communication
  • Country international telephone code: + 374
  • Internet code: .am
  • Number of Internet users: 150,000 (2005)