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Coat of arms

National anthem


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 General information

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation's poor majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands.

  • 3-Letter abbreviation: BOL
  • 2-Letter abbreviation: BO
  • Country common name: Bolivia
  • Country official name: Republica de Bolivia
  • Continent: South America
  • Capital: La Paz
  • Other major cities: Cochabamba, Oruro, Santa Cruz, Sucre, Potosi
  • Currency: Boliviano
  • Official languages: Quechua, Spanish, Aymara
  • Motto: "God, honour, homeland"
 Geographic information
  • Surface area: 1,098,580 km²
  • Highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m
  • Neighbouring countries: Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile
  • Neighbouring seas and oceans: None
  • Population (in millions): 8.5
  • Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant (in US dollars): 2,500
  • Density (inhabitants per km²): 7.82
  • Average age (in years): 20.8
  • Life expectancy at birth (in years): 64.78
 Telephone & Internet communication
  • Country international telephone code: + 591
  • Internet code: .bo
  • Number of Internet users: 478,000 (2004)